Shakti and Shakta: Essays and Addresses on the Shakta tantrashastra

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Each mantra is associated with a specific Nyasa. Nyasa involves touching various parts of the body at specific parts of the mantra, thought to invoke the deity in the body. The deities are internalised as attributes of Ishta devata meditations , with practitioners visualizing themselves as the deity or experiencing the darshan vision of the deity.

During meditation the initiate identifies with any of the Hindu gods and goddesses, visualising and internalising them in a process similar to sexual courtship and consummation. In Hindu Tantra, uniting the deity and the devotee uses meditation and ritual practices.


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These practices are divided among three classes of devotees: the animal, heroic, and the divine. In the divine devotee, the rituals are internal.

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The divine devotee is the only one who can attain the object of the rituals awakening energy. The Tantra texts of the Vaishnava tradition are the Pancharatra , and typically called the Agamas in the Shaiva traditions. The term "Tantra" in Hindu genre of literature is usually used specifically to refer to Shakta Agamas. Some Tantra texts in Hinduism are Vedic and others non-Vedic.

The means of worship in the Hindu Tantric practice differs from the Vedic form. While the Vedic practice of yajna there are no idols and shrines, in its Tantric traditions, idols and symbolic icons with puja are the means of worship. Tirumular , for example, explained their link as, "the Vedas are the path, and the Agamas are the horse".

Each Tantra-Agama text consists of four parts: [] []. The Tantra-Agama texts of Hinduism present a diverse range of philosophies, ranging from theistic dualism to absolute monism. According to Alexis Sanderson, various classes of Vajrayana literature developed as a result of royal courts sponsoring both Buddhism and Saivism. The Jain worship methods, states Ellen Gough, were likely influenced by Shaktism ideas, and this is attested by the tantric diagrams of the Rishi-mandala where the Tirthankaras are portrayed.

The first Western scholar to seriously study Tantra was John Woodroffe — , who wrote about Tantra under the pen name Arthur Avalon and is known as the "founding father of Tantric studies". All three saw Tantra as "the most transgressive and violent path to the sacred". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For Tantric Buddhism, see Vajrayana. For the texts classified as Tantras, see Tantras.

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Esoteric traditions of Hinduism and Buddhism. Scriptures and texts. Festivals and temples. Main traditions. Vaishnavism Shaivism Shaktism Smartism. Rites of passage. Philosophical schools. Gurus, saints, philosophers. Other texts. Text classification. Other topics.

Tantrism Mahasiddha Sahaja. Buddhahood Bodhisattva Kalachakra. Ganachakra Ullambana Puja. Tantric texts. Symbols and tools. Ordination and transmission. Pointing-out instruction Samaya Vajracharya. Elements of Tantrism. These are neither compulsory nor universal in Tantrism. Main article: Tantras. Main article: Tantric sex. Tantric union. Main article: Vajrayana. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. October Aghor Medicine.

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Ascetics and Brahmins studies in ideologies and institutions. London New York: Anthem Press. Transformations and Transfer of Tantra in Asia and Beyond. Walter de Gruyter.

Gray; Ryan Richard Overbey Tantric Traditions in Transmission and Translation.